Normal paraffin (from Latin parum “little” + affinis “related”) is a wax-like mixture of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes) with a predominantly normal structure of composition from C18H38 (octadecane) to C35H72 (pentatriocontane).
Melting point – from 45°С to 65°С;
Density – 0.880-0.915 g / cm³ (15 ° C);
When heated above 90 ° C, normal paraffin in air begins to intensely soar without boiling. Dense vapors of normal paraffin heated to 120-150°C self-ignite upon contact with air.
Depending on the ratio of concentrations of heavy and light hydrocarbons, paraffin can be liquid, solid and finely crystalline (ceresin).
The effect that occurs when water is mixed with boiling paraffin. Normal paraffin is a white substance with a molecular weight of 300-450, in the molten state it has a low viscosity.
Paraffin is inert to most chemicals. They are oxidized by nitric acid, atmospheric oxygen (at 140 °C and above) and some other oxidizing agents to form various fatty acids similar to those found in vegetable and animal fats. Synthetic fatty acids obtained by paraffin oxidation are used instead of vegetable and animal fats in the perfume industry, in the production of lubricants, detergents, and food products.
Paraffin introduction page:https://solarfan.cn/product/candle-making-industry/paraffin-wax/
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Normal paraffin can also be isolated from other products, for example, from ozokerite. Depending on the fractional composition, melting temperature and structure, normal paraffins are divided into liquid (tmelt ≤ 27 °C), solid (tmelt = 28-70 °C) and microcrystalline (tmelt > 60-80 °C) – ceresins. At the same melting point, ceresins differ from normal paraffins in their greater molecular weight, density, and viscosity.
Ceresins react vigorously with fuming sulfuric acid, while normal paraffins react weakly with it. During the distillation of oil, ceresins are concentrated in the sediment, and normal paraffin is distilled with distillate. Ceresins, which are concentrated in the residue after the distillation of fuel oil, are a mixture of cycloalkanes and, in a smaller amount, solid arenes and alkanes. There are relatively few isoalkanes in ceresin.
According to the degree of purification, normal paraffins are divided into the following types:
slack and petrolatum, which contain up to 30% (wt.) oils;
crude normal paraffins (ceresins) with oil content up to 6% (wt.);
purified and highly purified normal paraffin (ceresins).
Beijing Dongke United Technologies Co.,Ltd (Beijing Dongke United Technologies Co., Ltd.) is a Chinese factory specializing in candle manufacturing. The company has been engaged in export trade for more than 10 years and offers rich experience and expertise. If you need safety data sheets (MSDS) for candle raw materials, you can download the MSDS file for paraffin wax here.
Beijing Dongke United Technologies Co Ltd is a TOP supplier and producer of wax and related special raw materials. Our customers can be found in the food and food processing industries, food wholesale and retail industry, pharmaceuticals industry and cosmetics industry.
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a polymer composed of repeating units of ethylene glycol, a chemical compound typically derived from petroleum. It is a versatile substance used in various industries and applications, including medicine, personal care products, and industrial processes.
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